What Is Included in a Real Estate Sales Contract

A real estate sales contract, also known as a purchase agreement, is a legally binding agreement between a buyer and seller of real estate. This document outlines the terms and conditions for the transfer of ownership of a property. If you are looking to buy or sell a property, it is essential to understand what is included in this contract. In this article, we will discuss the key elements of a real estate sales contract.

The Parties Involved

The sales contract should clearly identify the parties involved. This includes the names of the buyer and seller, as well as their addresses, phone numbers and email addresses. Additionally, any real estate agents involved in the transaction should also be identified.

Property Description

The real estate sales contract should contain a detailed description of the property being sold, including the address, legal description, and tax identification number. This information ensures that the property being sold is accurately identified.

Purchase Price and Payment Terms

The contract should specify the purchase price of the property, including the amount of the down payment and the financing terms. The payment terms should clearly state how much is due at closing, when payments are due, and the interest rate charged on any financing.

Closing and Possession Dates

The closing date is the day when the property changes hands from the seller to the buyer. It is important for both parties to agree on this date, including any contingencies for delays, such as inspections and financing. The possession date is the day when the buyer takes possession of the property. This date should also be agreed upon in the sales contract.

Contingencies and Conditions

Real estate sales contracts often include contingencies and conditions that must be met for the sale to be finalized. These can include inspection contingencies, financing contingencies, and title contingencies. Each contingency should be carefully spelled out with specific deadlines for meeting each condition.


The sales contract should include any required disclosures by the seller, including any known defects or hazards associated with the property. This information must be disclosed to the buyer before the sale is finalized.

Additional Provisions

Real estate sales contracts can also include additional provisions, such as property warranties, the allocation of closing costs, and prorations for property taxes and utilities. These provisions can vary depending on the state and local laws.

In conclusion, a real estate sales contract is an integral part of any real estate transaction. It is a legally binding document that outlines the terms and conditions for the transfer of ownership of a property. As a buyer or seller, it is crucial to carefully review and understand all the elements of the sales contract before signing. If you have any questions or concerns about any element of the contract, consult with a real estate attorney or a qualified real estate agent.